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By Catriona Pennell

During this, the 1st absolutely documented research of British and Irish well known reactions to the outbreak of the 1st international conflict, Catriona Pennell explores united kingdom public opinion of the time and effectively demanding situations the parable of British 'war enthusiasm'.

A state United explores what humans felt, and the way they acted, in line with an unanticipated and unheard of concern. it's a heritage of either usual humans and elite figures in remarkable occasions. Dr Pennell demonstrates that describing the reactions of over forty million British and Irish humans to the outbreak of struggle as both enthusiastic within the British case, or disengaged within the Irish, is over-simplified and insufficient. Emotional reactions to the struggle have been ambiguous and complicated, and altered over the years.

By the tip of 1914 the populations of britain, Scotland, Wales, and eire had mostly embraced the warfare, however the warfare had additionally embraced them and confirmed no symptoms of relinquishing its grip. The 5 months from August to December 1914 set the form of a lot that used to be to stick with. A nation United describes and explains that twenty-week formative process.

Pennell attracts from an enormous array of diaries, letters, journals, and newspaper bills through the very those who skilled the battle in its first dramatic 5 months. She outlines the range of responses felt among either the standard humans and elite figures from around the country.

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Extra info for A kingdom united: popular responses to the outbreak of the First World War in Britain and Ireland

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4 Membership of the NUWSS exceeded 50,000 in 1914. See Martin Pugh, State and Society: British Political and Social History 1870–1992 (London, 1994), 135. Outbreak of War, July to August 23 However, the most serious challenge to parliamentary government in the period prior to the outbreak of war came from Ireland. In April 1912 the third Home Rule Bill began its passage through Westminster, its ultimate aim to establish a Dublin parliament for the whole of Ireland. By May 1914 it had been passed three times as required by the recently ratified Parliament Act of 1911.

IWM, Docs: Mackay, Reverend James: Box 74/135/1, 3 August 1914. Hallie Eustace Miles, Untold Tales of War-Time London: A Personal Diary (London, 1930), 13. Salford Diocesan Archives, Burnley: 1914 Diary of Bishop L. C. Casartelli, 1 August 1914. K. W. , The Rasp of War: The Letters of H. A. Gwynne to The Countess Bathurst, 1914–1918 (London, 1988), 19. Outbreak of War, July to August 31 editor of The Times reported that the population of London had grasped the gravity of the situation: Nobody wanted war; nobody would shrink from war if the Continental position demanded it .

50 Shelford Bidwell and Dominick Graham, Fire-Power: British Army Weapons and Theories of War 1904–1945 (London, 1982), 2. 51 A lack of doctrine was due, in part, to a lack of introspection. The British, having gone from one major European war to another via a small war—or wars—on the way, had not had any breathing space to reflect, in contrast to their continental rivals. 53 The British interpretation of the ‘offensive à outrance’ was mixed. It certainly made some headway amongst higher levels of the army, but at a lower level was treated more circumspectly.

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