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Over the last thirty years, while Japan has produced a various set of adlescent cultures that have had an immense impression on pop culture around the globe, it has additionally constructed a succession of teen difficulties that have ended in significant issues in the kingdom itself. Drawing on certain empirical fieldwork, the authors of this quantity set those matters in a essentially articulated ‘social constructionist’ framework, and positioned forth a sociology of jap early life difficulties which argues that there's a sure predictability concerning the means during which those difficulties are came across, outlined and dealt with.

The chapters comprise case reviews protecting matters such as:
• Returnee teenagers (kikokushijo)
• Compensated courting (enjo kōsai)
• Corporal punishment (taibatsu)
• Bullying (ijime)
• baby abuse (jidō gyakutai)
• The withdrawn adolescence (hikikomori) and
• NEETs (not in schooling, employment or training)

By analyzing those a number of social difficulties jointly, A Sociology of eastern formative years explains why specific formative years difficulties seemed once they did and what classes they could supply for the examine of teen difficulties in different societies.

This ebook could be of big curiosity to scholars and students of jap society and tradition, the sociology of Japan, jap anthropology and the comparative sociology of adlescent studies.

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Extra resources for A Sociology of Japanese Youth: From Returnees to NEETs (Nissan Institute/Routledge Japanese Studies)

Example text

In 1989, however, the word otaku entered the public consciousness through the media reporting of the Miyazaki Tsutomu murder case, in which Miyazaki was convicted of killing four girls aged between four and seven, mutilating their bodies and then sexually molesting their corpses. Miyazaki’s room was found to be stacked with collections of pornographic anime films and the media gave him the label otaku, thereby exposing the public at large to the term for the first time. In one of the earliest and most influential sociological depictions of the otaku phenomenon, Kinsella (2000) identified the ‘otaku moral panic’ that ensued from the Miyazaki case.

It is in light of these chapters, organized in chronological order, that we hope the reader will be able to critically assess our key argument – that seemingly diverse youth problems are systematically related through similar and broadly predictable processes. We hope that students and scholars, through their original investigations of historical and yet-unnamed youth issues, find our general approach useful while subjecting its finer points to further empirical and comparative scrutiny. Notes 1 Research on bullying emerged in the mid-1980s with Morita’s sociological work that posited typologies of ijime and analysed its mechanisms in terms of social group structure, 26 Tuukka Toivonen and Yuki Imoto 2 3 4 5 and psychological work that discussed the personality traits of children prone to be victims of bullying (Kanda 1994).

This coincided with the period when educational reforms proposed by the neoconservative Prime Minister Abe Shinzo¯ were being debated. Yoneyama (2008: 15), indeed, argues that the moral outrage around bullying in the autumn of 2006 was exploited successfully by Abe in his drive to revise the Fundamental Law on Education. Following this third wave of reporting, parents and bullying victims themselves actively mobilized in directing the locus of blame onto the schools and the Ministry of Education.

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