By James B. Freeman
While, if ever, is one justified in accepting the premises of an issue? what's the right criterion of premise acceptability? supplying a accomplished thought of premise acceptability, this booklet solutions those questions from an epistemological technique that the writer calls "common experience foundationalism". His paintings can be of curiosity to experts in casual common sense, serious pondering and argumentation concept in addition to to a broader diversity of philosophers and people instructing rhetoric.
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Extra resources for Acceptable Premises: An Epistemic Approach to an Informal Logic Problem
Inherent probability is no criterion of acceptability. We may contrast inherent probability with epistemic probability, the probability of a statement relative to all our relevant background Why do We Need a Theory of Acceptability? 17 knowledge. This is “the best estimate of the statement’s truth, based on everything we know” (Nolt 1984, p. 193). Only when we have no evidence whatsoever bearing on a proposition is its epistemic probability the same as its inherent probability. (Compare Nolt 1984, p.
But what does that mean? , given that] its premises are true, and it is not deductively valid” (1986, p. 7). The problem with this deﬁnition, which Skyrms would readily admit, is that the key term “improbable” is intuitive and not deﬁned. What do we mean by saying that it is improbable that the conclusion of an argument is false given that its premises are true? The response is that there is “no precise, uncontroversial deﬁnition” (Skyrms 1986, p. 20). What inductive probability is remains an outstanding problem of inductive logic (Skyrms 1986, p.
157–8) But there is a false dichotomy here. In delimiting those premises that are properly rationally acceptable, we do not have to choose between those that are merely accepted although not challenged and those which are indubitable – beyond all challenge. It is at least logically possible that there is a third category – premises for which challenge is logically conceivable but that need not be challenged at the current point. And this is not simply a matter of challenger failure to put forward an objection.