By Helena Jin, Cesar Sciammarella, Sanichiro Yoshida, Luciano Lamberti
Advancement of Optical equipment in Experimental Mechanics, quantity three: complaints of the 2014 Annual convention on Experimental and utilized Mechanics, the 3rd quantity of 8 from the convention, brings jointly contributions to this significant region of analysis and engineering. the gathering provides early findings and case stories on quite a lot of optical equipment starting from conventional photoelasticity and interferometry to more moderen DIC and DVC options, and contains papers within the following normal technical learn areas:
· complicated optical tools for frontier applications
· complicated optical interferometry
· Optical dimension structures utilizing polarized light
· Optical tools for complex production
· electronic photo correlation
· Optical tools on the micro/nano-scale
· third-dimensional imaging and volumetric correlation
· Imaging tools for thermomechanics applications
· Opto-acoustical tools in experimental mechanics
· Optical measurements in demanding environments
· Optical tools for inverse problems
· Advances in optical methods
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Additional info for Advancement of Optical Methods in Experimental Mechanics, Volume 3: Proceedings of the 2014 Annual Conference on Experimental and Applied Mechanics
A formal approach relating evanescent fields and super-resolution is due to Vigoureux . It is interesting to look back to this argument for the implications that it has in the retrieval of information from the geometry of the near field. The starting point of the argument is the uncertainty principle of FT. From the uncertainty principle of FT  applied in the x-direction, and applied to the pair of complementary quantities position and wave vector component, Dx and Dkx respectively, Vigoreux shows that the uncertainty principle leads to the inequality: DxDkx > 2p ð3:4Þ From the above inequality, one can conclude that to obtain the smallest spatial resolution Dx the interval Dkx must be as large as possible.
In: Mihaylova E (ed) Holography—basic principles and contemporary applications. INTECH, Rijeka, pp 243–281 21. Sciammarella FM, Sciammarella CA, Lamberti L (2013) Chapter 17: Nano-holographic interferometry for in vivo observations. In: Shaked NT, Zalevskey Z, Satterwhite LL (eds) Biomedical optical phase microscopy and nanoscopy. Elsevier, The Netherlands, pp 353–385 22. Berry MV (1994) Evanescent and real waves in quantum billiards and Gaussian beams. J Phys A Math Gen 27:391–398 23. Girard C, Dereux A, Martin OJF, Devel M (1995) Generation of optical standing waves around mesoscopic surface structures: scattering and light confinement.
Sciammarella et al. Fig. 2 (a) Example of one of the observed objects in , a prismatic nano-crystal lying on a microscope slide. The k vector of the propagating wave front and its components are indicated. Object dimensions are sub-wavelength, (order of magnitude close to l/10); (b) Electric field intensity lines in the neighborhood of array of objects similar to that depicted in (a) If we now consider evanescent waves as sources of electromagnetic energy capable to excite a medium and create super-oscillating fields, the values Dkx are no longer limited to the above mentioned interval.