By Harrison, Peter; Wilson, Michael
This booklet is a pragmatic consultant to the detection and therapy of faults in claddings and fixings on constructions. It units out the issues desirous about universal cladding platforms for constructions, and relates those difficulties to all of the fabrics used: stone, masonry, concrete and glass-reinforced composites
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Additional resources for Appraisal and Repair of Claddings and Fixings
In lighter or natural materials MSB) ID Resin capsule Face-fixed channel Support material Cladding material Cast-in dovetail slot (not for high loads) Combined restraint/support Fig. 22. Typical fixing methods 60 CLADDINGS AND FIXINGS No adjustment Fig. 23. Precast unit tolerance there are dowels, ties (set in mortices), plates set into mortices either bolted or grouted in, through or face fixings, and lipped or nibbed angles set into mortices. The methods of attaching the fixing to the main structure are also various.
Other individual tests have revealed how important the edge distance can be, especially when the bolt is located eccentrically in the length of the channel. 2. Cast-in sockets This example does not in fact apply to one specific problem, but it contains knowledge gleaned from several problems, all exhibiting a common failure mode. Cast-in sockets are of two types: one specifically for lifting, the other for general fixing. Often the single socket performs a dual role, but it must be capable of taking the worst loading situation.
The adhesive may not be suitable or may have been wrongly applied. The subtrate needs to be completely clean, and this is often a major factor in failures. Whatever the reasons, one should avoid sticking cladding of any description on a building unless a reduced life expectancy is acceptable. 7. 7. Summary Cladding failures may be sudden and may take unexpected forms. The most important thing is that any large cladding contract should be considered at the design stage and should not be left to an inexperienced site-fixing contractor.