By Georg Goldenberg
Apraxia is a symptom of cerebral lesions that has wondered clinicians and researchers for a few a hundred years. It has engendered many desirable descriptions and a large variety of conflicting theoretical debts.
This ebook is the 1st one who provides a entire account of scientific and experimental findings on all manifestations of apraxia in addition to of the background and the philosophical underpinning of theories on apraxia. The evaluate of up to date proof is illustrated with vibrant descriptions of scientific examples. The ancient half unearths early precursors of the concept that of apraxia within the final 3rd of nineteenth century and resuscitates contributions made within the "holistic" period within the mid twentieth century that experience now mostly fallen in oblivion. They express that the richness of rules on apraxia is far more than a few sleek authors could acknowledge.
Over and past giving an outline of historical past and scientific visual appeal of apraxia the ebook explores the philosophical fundaments that underlie definitions, classifications, and theories of apraxia. Goldenberg argues that they're eventually grounded in a brain as opposed to physique dichotomy that looks as competition among low and high or, respectively, cognitive and motor degrees of motion regulate. by means of referring to heritage and glossy proof to perennial philosophical difficulties the e-book transgresses the subject of apraxia and touches the fundaments of cognitive neuroscience.
This e-book will make attention-grabbing analyzing for these within the fields of neuroscience, neurology, neuropsychology, and developmental psychology
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Extra info for Apraxia: The Cognitive side of motor control
He subscribed to the materialist endeavor to replace the immaterial mind by the mechanics of brain functions. The body part specificity of ideo-kinetic apraxia was precious to him because it revealed the confines which the anatomy of motor cortex put upon the government of the limbs by the mind. Liepmann expressed this consequence of body part specificity of symptoms in a discussion of the unilaterality of the imperial counselor’s apraxia (Liepmann, 1905b). He argued 39 40 HUGO KARL LIEPMANN that the preservation of left-handed skills excluded a loss of general psychic abilities, and continued: This forced us to release his one and only psyche from any culpability for the disturbance.
Limb-kinetic apraxia Limb-kinetic apraxia was the last descendant of Meynert’s and Wernicke’s “motor asymbolia” and, in further lineage, of Munk’s original concept of mind-palsy. Like its predecessors it was a theoretical postulate searching for clinical reality. Theoretically it should result from a loss of kinetic memories which are stored in the central regions and enable swift execution of highly routinized skills by the opposite limb. One might expect that such loss would lead to a dissociation between disturbed routine and 13 Pick did not comment on the homonymy with the “ideo-motor” principle that formed part of the discussions on mind-palsy.
The guidance of the left hand by mental images of the shape of the movement is disturbed. 14 (Liepmann, 1908, p. 49) Liepmann emphasized in particular the disturbance of imitation, because in this task the mental image of the intended movement is provided by the demonstration so that errors are an unequivocal proof of the inability to translate such mental images into appropriate motor actions. ” Liepmann did not comment on the ability of patients with ideational apraxia to show emblematic gestures or pantomimes of tool use.