By Angus Konstam
The release of HMS Dreadnought in 1906 replaced the face of naval conflict. This progressive new battleship used to be in a league of her personal, able to taking over any "pre-dreadnought" battleships in a directly struggle. A naval hands race among Britain and Germany, as either international locations hurriedly outfitted a fleet of those robust new warships. This race led inexorably to the outbreak of an international conflict. in the course of international struggle I those dreadnoughts shaped the spine of the British Grand Fleet. In might 1916, those battleships positioned to sea to intercept their opposite numbers within the German excessive Seas fleet. the outcome used to be the conflict of Jutland, a bruising high-stakes stumble upon the place the layout and development of Britain's innovative new battleships was once positioned to the try out. the 1st half-dozen dreadnoughts have been all advancements of the fundamental Dreadnought layout, all sporting ten 12-inch weapons. It was once merely in 1911, with the release of HMS Neptune that the format of this robust armament used to be altered due to useful adventure. extra models of the Neptune entered provider later that very same 12 months. those 9 more desirable dreadnoughts shaped the center of the British excessive Seas Fleet. they might quickly, although, be outclassed by means of a brand new breed of "super dreadnoughts", the topic of the second one quantity during this two-part tale. whereas those new battleships carried higher 13.5-inch weapons, they proved much less profitable as all-round battleships than their extra lightly-armed predecessors. Naval architects have been slowly studying that with smooth battleships, layout concerned a compromise among firepower, security and pace. One final 12-inch gun dreadnought entered provider in 1914, whilst a seven turret battleship being equipped for the Turks was once commandeered via the Royal military, and re-named HMS Agincourt. This New leading edge name, the 1st of 2 masking those well-known warships will discover the total tale of the British battleships of worldwide conflict I. The ebook will examine their innovative layout, the 12-inch weapons that supplied them with their firepower, and how those weapons have been fired in anger.
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Extra resources for British Battleships 1914-18
Neptune In August 1914 Neptune formed part of the 1st Battle Squadron, based in Scapa Flow. She remained with the squadron until after the battle of Jutland. com Dreadnoughts at anchor in Scapa Flow, as depicted in a painting by the naval artist W. L. Wyllie. Of particular note here is the plethora of small vessels in the painting – ships’ boats, supply craft and even a recreational sailing yawl. She almost missed the battle, as in April 1916 Neptune collided with a merchantman, but her damage was minimal, and after undergoing repairs she rejoined the squadron just in time to play her part in the battle.
There the data would be translated into gun bearing and information. This would then be transmitted to the gun turrets, where the information would be used to train the guns. Another problem was that on a typical 12-inch gun dreadnought the barrels of ‘A’ and ‘Y’ turret could be as much as 400 feet apart. This meant that if all the shells fired on the same angle and bearing, and the guns were accurate, the shells would land in a 400-foot long area rather than on the point the gun director wanted.
She carried 12 12-inch guns but only had the same broadside firepower as Dreadnought. complex a problem for human gunners to solve. Therefore, gunnery fire control devices were used to solve these problems and to make the most of the firepower available to these ships. These entered service from 1907 onwards, and their use required a steep learning curve for officers and gunners alike. However, by 1914 Britain’s dreadnought fleet had become thoroughly proficient in these new devices and in the waging of this new form of long-range gunnery duel.