By Clyde H. Moore
This accomplished textual content and accompanying CD-ROM will give you the reader with an built-in evaluation of diagenesis and porosity evolution in carbonate petroleum reservoirs and historical carbonate rock sequences. The preliminary chapters of this quantity offer an summary of the carbonate sedimentologic procedure and the appliance of series stratigraphic suggestions to carbonate rock sequences. the character of carbonate porosity and its regulate by way of diagenesis is explored. Porosity class schemes are distinct, in comparison, and their application tested. the character and features of diagenetic environments and instruments for his or her attractiveness within the historical list are detailed. the center chapters of the booklet include a radical exam of the key, surficial diagenetic environments, equivalent to common marine, evaporative marine and meteoric environments, emphasising porosity editing procedures illustrated by way of a variety of case histories. There f
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Additional info for Carbonate reservoirs: porosity evolution and diagenesis in a sequence stratigraphic framework
11. A ‘pinnacle’type carbonate platform from the Miocene of offshore Philippines. Used with permission of Blackwell Science. 12. Windward (lefi) and leeward (right)plafoms margins of the Bahamas (from Eberli and Ginsburg, 1987). Used with permission of Blackwell Science. the early evolution of the platform, such as during initial transgression, the structural underpinnings of most isolated platforms drive them ultimately toward rimmed and escarpment margin geometries. In general, small symmetrical oceanic platforms show strong aggradation during transgression and slower aggradation during highstand, with minimal margin progradation.
5. Stratal geometries in a type 1 sequence on a shelf-break margin. Five separate sedimentary packages are shown, traditionally assigned to three systems tracts; lowstand, transgressive and highstand. Used with permission of Blackwell Science. CONCEPTS OF SEQUENCE STRATIGRAPHYAS APPLIED TO CARBONATES 24 package was termed a sedimentary sequence and the component packets were called systems tracts. 5. The three basic systems tracts are lowstand system tract (LST), transgressive system tract (TST), and highstand systems tract (HST).
1 illustrates the basic difference between lithostratigraphy and the chronostratigraphic significance of sequence stratigraphy. 1. The difference between sequence stratigraphy, which has a geological time significance and lithostratigraphy, which correlates rocks of similar type. A lithostratigraphic correlation would correlate conglomerate units 1 and 2, sandstone units 3,4and 5 and mudstone units 6, 7 and 8. A sequence stratigraphic correlation would correlate time lines A-A’, B-B ’ and C-C’.