By Emil Brujan
Non-Newtonian homes on bubble dynamics and cavitation are essentially varied from these of Newtonian fluids. the main major impression arises from the dramatic raise in viscosity of polymer options in an extensional circulation, resembling that generated a couple of round bubble in the course of its progress or cave in section. furthermore, many organic fluids, corresponding to blood, synovial fluid, and saliva, have non-Newtonian homes and will exhibit major viscoelastic behaviour. This monograph elucidates normal elements of bubble dynamics and cavitation in non-Newtonian fluids and applies them to the fields of biomedicine and bioengineering. furthermore it offers many examples from the method industries. the sector is strongly interdisciplinary and the various disciplines contain have and should proceed to miss and reinvent every one others’ paintings. This booklet is helping researchers to imagine intuitively concerning the various physics of those structures, to try to bridge a few of the groups concerned, and to express the curiosity, beauty, and diversity of actual phenomena that occur themselves at the micrometer and microsecond scales. Non-Newtonian fluids.- Nucleation.- Bubble dynamics.- Hydrodynamic cavitation.- Cavitation erosion.- Cardiovascular cavitation.- Cavitation in different non-newtonian organic fluids.
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Extra resources for Cavitation in Non-Newtonian Fluids: With Biomedical and Bioengineering Applications
J. Biomechanics 1, 79–88. Dembo, M, Harlow, F. 1986 Cell motion, contractile networks, and the physics of interpenetrating reactive flow. Biophys. J. 50, 109–122. A. 2001 The joint as an organ. In Osteoarthritis. Diagnosis and Medical/Surgical Management (Eds. W. S. D. A. M. Goldberg). Saunders, Philadelphia, pp. 49–68. F. 1986 The Theory of Polymer Dynamics. Clarendon, Oxford. A. 1990 Physical Properties of Tissue. Academic Press, London. T. 2000 Hematocrit, volume expander, temperature, and shear rate effects on blood viscosity.
Hypotheses 23, 171–185. , Palfrey. A. J. 1968 Some of the physical properties of normal and pathological synovial fluids. J. Biomechanics 1, 79–88. Dembo, M, Harlow, F. 1986 Cell motion, contractile networks, and the physics of interpenetrating reactive flow. Biophys. J. 50, 109–122. A. 2001 The joint as an organ. In Osteoarthritis. Diagnosis and Medical/Surgical Management (Eds. W. S. D. A. M. Goldberg). Saunders, Philadelphia, pp. 49–68. F. 1986 The Theory of Polymer Dynamics. Clarendon, Oxford.
The viscosity of SM and Pal saliva was shown to be hardly dependent on the shear rate opposite to SL saliva showing a clear shear-thinning behaviour (Levine et al. 1987). Moreover, at similar viscosity, SM saliva has a lower elasticity than SL saliva. 9 mPa·s for SL saliva (Levine et al. 1987). The high viscosity at low shear rates of SL saliva prevents dehydration of the mucosa of the floor of the mouth. On the other hand, the high elasticity of SL saliva, in combination with appropriate adhesion to the oral mucosa, may provide a high retention of SL saliva.