By M.R. Riazi
Either petroleum execs and people with no technical engineering heritage will locate this exact new handbook to be an essential and complete reference for the petroleum in either processing and construction. WHAT MAKES THIS handbook SO particular? • offers over six hundred predictive equipment from theoretical to empirical, together with the main generic and so much actual ones for a variety of stipulations • Covers over a hundred thermodynamic and actual homes, that are appropriate to a variety of natural compounds, combinations, petroleum fractions, petroleum items, heavy residues, waxes, asphaltenes, crude oils, usual gases, reservoir fluids, and coal beverages. • Discusses mild and heavy, liquid and vapor, and coffee and excessive strain structures • presents particular thoughts for every indexed estate and its functions • contains solved functional difficulties and provides workout issues of a lot of genuine facts for oils from around the globe. This new handbook is a special and finished source for execs within the petroleum undefined, examine, and govt, in addition to environmental agencies and academia.
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Additional info for Characterization and Properties of Petroleum Fractions
In Chapter 9 some new methods for determination of onset of solid formation are introduced. Reported experimental data on characteristics and properties of various oils from different parts of the world are included in various chapters for direct evaluations and testing of methods. Although both gases and liquids are treated in the book, emphasis is on the liquid fractions. Generally, the methods of estimation of properties of gases are more accurate than those for liquid systems. Most of the methods presented in the book are supported by some scientific basis and they are not simply empirical correlations derived from a certain group of data.
Because of the nature of petroleum fluids, accurate knowledge of composition is important. Generally composition is expressed as percentage (%) or as fraction (percent/100) in terms of weight, mole, and volume. Density of the components (or pseudocomponents) constituting a mixture is required to convert composition from weight basis to volume basis or vice versa. Similarly conversion of composition from mole basis to weight basis or vice versa requires molecular weight of the constituting components (or pseudocomponents).
It is also needed in determination of the amount of hydrocarbon losses from storage facilities and their presence in air. Vapor pressure is the property that represents ignition characteristics of fuels. For example, the Reid vapor pressure (RVP) and boiling range of gasoline govern ease of starting engine, engine warm-up, rate of acceleration, mileage economy, and tendency toward vapor lock [ 19]. 12 CHARACTERIZATION AND PROPERTIES OF PETROLEUM FRACTIONS 3. Heat capacity (Cp) of a fluid is needed in design and operation of heat transfer units such as heat exchangers.