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By Stephen Turnbull

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There were also many rooms in the East Wing to accommodate guest crusaders, as well as a Summer Refectory, a Winter Refectory and a Grand Refectory. The approach to the Middle Castle was defended by a multiple gate and a portcullis. There are two dansk towers, the smaller one, known as the Hen's Foot, serving the infirmary. The Lower Castle included such features as a granary, workshops, stables, bakery and a foundry. One building in the Lower Castle is now a hotel. Much of the outer fabric has survived or been restored, most of it very well indeed, and a walk round the outside shows an interesting contrast between the defences on the river side and the land walls.

Teutonic Knights at Tannenberg grew more and more fatal, and as the Order's overall fortunes went into reverse their addiction to mercenaries did not help the bank balance. On 11 February 1454 the Commander of Thorn reported that his men had been under bombardment day and night and that the men were falling down from sleeplessness. He added that 'some of the mercenaries which your Grace sent us jumped over the walls, others crept into corners', and if mercenaries were not paid they could seek out their compensation in the villages.

When his demands were finally refused in 1422 Poland/Lithuania invaded Prussia once more and another war of sieges began. But, just as during the Grunwald campaign, siege guns were not much in evidence. The Poles first settled down to besiege the fortress of Lobau (Lubawa) and an eyewitness reported: they have laid siege with their forces up to today. They have closed the first ditch by the Middle Mill and have destroyed the great sluice so that we have no water apart from that which is in the town ditches ...

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