By Joseph J. Ellis
A colourful, enlightening account of the way Thomas Jefferson wrote the announcement of Independence, and the line to July four: a range from Joseph J. Ellis’s American Sphinx, winner of the nationwide booklet Award.
How did the latest and youngest member of Virginia’s delegation to the Constitutional Congress come to jot down the founding record of the yank venture? In “Writing the announcement of Independence,” Pulitzer Prize–winning historian Joseph J. Ellis outlines the lifetime of the record and the line to its adoption on July four. From Jefferson’s arrival in Philadelphia in 1775 in an ornate carriage besides 4 horses and 3 slaves, to a desirable guided travel of the drafts and discussions (including the significance of a superb conversing voice, the theatricality of Patrick Henry, and Jefferson’s tortured, eventually discarded part blaming the king for American slavery), this can be the real heritage of Independence Day.
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Extra resources for Writing the Declaration of Independence (A Vintage Short)
Many progressives used it to improve their cities, to bring politics closer to the people. Samuel lones had rented an empty factory and hired unemployed workers to run it according to the Golden Rule, a principle that he tried to apply to politics by establishing an eight-hour day tor city employees and reforming the police. Mayor Tom lohnson, who made Cleveland a model city, introduced public ownership of utilities, reduced trolley fares, humanized prisons, and created parks, playgrounds, and public baths.
Congressional Democrats did not want to accept the islands as a colony, yet some changed their minds after Bryan, who wanted to make imperialism an issue in the 1900 presidential election, endorsed the treaty. On February 6, 1899, the Senate approved the treaty 57 to 27, just one vote more than the required two-thirds majority. Even without the Philippines, the United States was destined to be a Pacific power because of its long western coastline, but acquisition of the islands gave the country a more tangible stake in the area.
This aggressive use of power irritated Congress. If Roosevelt annoyed some, he engaged the press and the public. On a hunting trip he refused to shoot a bear cub, and manufacturers created a toy "Teddy bear"; it became a favorite with children. Only the catastrophe of the 1906 earthquake and fires that devastated San Francisco could push Roosevelt off the front page momentarily. Through much of Roosevelt's tenure, the nation was prosperous: the gross national product (the value of all goods and services produced in the country), income, and consumption grew.